TRINIDAD

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TRINIDAD ; an island near the coast of South America, separated from Cumana by the gulf of Paria, which is about seventyfive miles broad. It is of an irregular square form, seventynine miles by fiftysix, and belongs to Great Britain. Lon. 60° 6' to 61° iib' W.; lat. 9° 48/ to 10° 42' N. It is the largest, most fertile, and most beautiful, oi all the Leeward islands and was compared by Columbus to a terrestrial paradise. It is full of forest trees, and is situated out of the parallel of VM*r""o<mp,s, which have never as yet shifted so far to the south. The mornings and evenings in the island are delightful; the nights cool and refreshing, although the heat is great during the day; and the climate is healthy. Trinidad is capable of producing every article for the West India market, equal to any of the Windward islands. Here are severa sorts of animals, plenty of wild hogs, fish fowl and fruit. It also produces maize, cassava, and other roots, and, in general, all that is commonly found in America, The island of Tobago is separated from Trinidad by a channel called Trinidad channel. The chief town is Port of Spain. Population, 44,163; 24,006 slaves, 15,956 free colored, and 4201 whites. Exports to Great Britain, in 1829, £694,001 ; imports from the same, £361,077.Trinidad (Spanish, Trinity) was discovered by Columbus, in 1498. After having been taken by Raleigh, in 1595, and by the French, in 1676, it was finally reduced by the British, in 1797, and was ceded to England by the peace of Amiens. Utensils, vases and pastes have been found here, which some have supposed to have been left by the Cartha ginians.