TRIBE

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TRIBE {Irihus). Romulus divided the inhabitants of Rome into three bodies, thence called tribes, each of which had a presiding officer (tribunus), and was divided into ten curiae. Servius Tullius divided the inhabitants into four parts, which still retained the name of tribes. To these four city tribes (tribus urhana) were added the rural tribes {tribus rustics), the number of which was gradually increased to thirtyone. In the comitia trihuta, in which the people voted by tribes, the lower magistrates, the ordinary magistrates, and the provincial magistrates, were chosen, laws were made, and criminal trials, not capital, conducted, &c.