SUNDAY

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SUNDAY; the first day in the week, which has its name from the sun, as this day was already called dies solis with the Romans. It is celebrated by Christians in commemoration of Christ's having risen on the first day of the week. It was also on the first day of the week that the Holy Ghost was poured out upon the disciples. We have given a history of the Christian Sunday under the article Sabbath, and shall here only refer the reader, for more information on some points, to Hallam's Constitutional History of England (ch. vii. viii.). In the church services of Europe, the Sundays are named from the feasts which precede them, or from the collects or passages of Scripture with which the religious service was formerly commenced on the several Sundays : 1. Sunday after JYew Year, so called when new year begins on one of the four last days of the week. 2. Sundays after Epiphany, which vary from one to six, according to the time of Easter. 3. Septuagesima (q. v.), Sexagesima, and Esto mihi (in the English church, quinquagesima (q. v.) Sunday), The third has its Latin name from the beginning of the lesson of the day (Psalm Ixxi, 3). 4. Sundays in Lent (q. v.) Their names are taken from the words with which the lessons of the day begin: Invocavit (Psalm xci, 15) ; Reminiscere (Psalm xxv, 6); Oculi (Psalm xxv, 15); Lcetare (Isaiah Lxvi, 10); Judica (Psalm xliii, 1); Palmarum, Palm Sunday, (q. v.) 5. Sundays after Easter, six in number, which almost ail have names of rejoicing : Quasimodogeniti (1 Peter ii, 2), or Whitsunday (see Pentecost)', Misericordias Domini (Psalm xxiii, 6, or Psalm lxxxix, 2); Jubilate (Psalm lxvi, 1); Cantate (Psalm xcvi, 1); Rogate (Matt, vii, 7); Exaudi (Psalm xxvii, 7). 6. Sundays after Trinity. The feast of Trinity was established in 1150. The greatest number of these Sundays is twentyseven: the number depends upon the time of Easter* The later Easter falls, the more Epiphany Sundays and the fewer Trinity Sundays are there. 7. Sundays in Advent. (See Advent) 8, Sunday after Christmas, so called when this festival falls upon one of the first four days of the week, reckoned from Monday. (See Festivals.) In the English church, the sixth Sunday after Easter is called Sunday after Ascension, and the seventh Whitsunday.