STYLE

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STYLE, in the arts. Style, or mode of representation, in the arts, depends on the character of the artist, the subjects, the art itself, the materials used, the object aimed at, &c. The style varies in different periods: thus we have the anteGreek, or old Oriental style, in which the powerful and colossal prevails; the classical or antique style of the Greeks and Romans (see Antique), and the style of Christian art (the romantic or modern style). It is influenced by differences of national character. Thus we have a German, Italian, French, and English style or school. The effect of the na tional character is particularly apparent in certain arts e. g. painting or music. The national style also has its periods; at one time aims particularly at the sublime or great, at other times strives after the beautiful, the pleasing and graceful; as Winckelmann has observed in respect to the Greek plastic art. The style varies, too, with the character of the individual. Here we must distinguish between the style which proceeds from the nature of the subjects to which the genius of the artist inclines him, and his mode of representing those subjects, Tiie latter is called more particularly manner. The maimerof an artist may be noble or petty, strong or..weak; but it is always uniform, and in a certain degree arbitrary, wrhile the style, in its proper sense, is not. The style of great artists continues in their schools, and there usually degenerates into manner. The word style is also applied to the different modes of representation, occasioned by the different nature of the various arts: thus there is an architectural, a plastic, a picturesque style. The various branches of an art, too, have each its peculiar style; e. g. in poetry, there are the epic, lyric, dramatic styles ; in music, the sacred, opera, concert styles, the vocal and instrumental styles, the quartetto, sonata, symphony styles, &c.; in painting, there are the historical, landscape, &c. styles.