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SOUTH, Robert, a celebrated divine oj the church of England, the son of a London merchant, was born at Hackney, in 1633, and educated at Westminster school and Christchurch, Oxford. In 1654, he addressed a copy of Latin verses to Cromwell, on the conclusion of peace with the Dutch ; and the following year produced a poem entitled Musica Incantans. In 1660, he was chosen public orator of the university of Oxford; and soon after was nominated domestic chaplain to lord Clarendon, then lord chancellor. In 1663, he became a prebendary of Westminster, was admitted DD., and obtained a living in Wales. On the disgrace of his patron, he was made chaplain to the duke of York, In 1670, he was installed canon of Christchurch ; and, in 1676, he went to Poland, as chaplain to the English ambassador, Lawrence Hyde. On his return home in 1678, he was presented to the rectory of islip, in Oxfordshire. In the latter part < o! the seventeenth century, doctor South commenced a controversy with doctor Sherlock, relative to the doctrine of the Trinity. Both disputants professed to be orthodox sons of the church, their difference relating to the mode of explaining the doctrine in question. Doctor South died in 1716. .He possessed an abundant share of wit and humor, which he not unfrequently displayed in his most serious compositions. His Sermons, which have been much admired, were published in 11 vols., 8vo. He also wrote an account of his journey to Poland, and other works.