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SETTLEMENT ; a legal residence or establishment of a person in a particular parish or town, which entitles him to maintenance there, if a pauper. In England, the poor are supported by the parish where they have a settlement. In New England, they are supported by the town. In England, the statutes 12 Richard II and 19 Henry VII seem to be the first rudiments of parish settlements. By statutes 13 and 14 Charles II, a legal settlement is declared to be gained by birth, by inhabitancy, by apprenticeship, or by service for forty days. But the gaining of a settlement by so short a residence produced great evils, which were remedied by statute 1 James II.