RESTORATION

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RESTORATION is used in many different applications. In the fine arts, it signifies the repairing of the injury suffered by works of art, buildings, statues, pictures, &c. Even in ancient times, statues were restored, as, during the civil wars, many were injured. Their transportation to Rome must also have often been injurious to them. When, after the repeated devastations of Rome, during the middle ages, statues were exhumed, many of the first artists were employed to restore them; for instance, Michael Angelo. (For much information on this subject, see the article Restawration, in Millin's Dictionnaire des Beaux Arts.) There are now in Italy some very skilful restorers of paintings, as Palmaroli, Pereira, and others. It often requires the eye of a perfect connoisseur to discover restora tions, and not a few remarks on the char acter of ancient art Inve been founded on undetected restorations.In politics, this word is used for the replacing of dethroned monarchs or houses, particularly the Stuarts in England, in 1660, and the Bourbons in France, in 1814 and 1815. This last restoration gave rise to the name of Mr. de Haller's work, Restoration of Politics. (See Holler.) This work is directed against the original rights of men, their equality in the eye of the law, the sovereignty of the people, and is intended to restore the theory of divine right.