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RAYNOUARD, Francois Juste Marie, a French poet, born in Provence in 1761, was at first an advocate, and sat in the legislative assembly. He first gained reputation by his Socrate dans le Temple d'Aglaure, a poem, which obtained a prize from the institute. His principal work is the Templiers,Si tragedy (1805); the historical matter appended to which, concerning the trial of the Templars, is valuable. In 1807, Raynouard became a member of the institute, and, in 1817, succeeded Suard as perpetual secretary of the academy. In 1816, he published a selection from the poetry of the Troubadours (3 vols.), with which are connected the elements of the Lingua Romana, and a grammar of the language of the Troubadours.