POINT

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POINT, in music, as conjoined with others, has various significations. The different uses to which points were formerly applied, render the perusal of old compositions extremely difficult and perplexing. In those works we meet with the point of perfection, point of augmentation, point of division, and point of alteration. The point of perfection was added to those notes which were denoted by the modal signs to be perfect, or equal to three notes of the same value, but which were rendered imperfect by position. The point of augmentation is that in modern use, which the old masters used only in common or imperfect time. The point of division, or imperfection, was placed between two shorter notes that followed, and were succeeded by two longer, in perfect modes, to render both the long notes imperfect. The point of alteration, or of duplication, was placed before two shorter notes preceding a longer, in order to double the length of the second short note. In modern music, the point, taken as an increased power of the note, is always equal to the half of the note to which it appertains.