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MONTFERRAT (Monteferrato) ; formerly a duchy of Italy, bounded by Piedmont, Genoa and the Milanese ; the capital was Casale. It now belongs to the Sardinian territories. Mention is made of a marquis of Montferrat in 980. It was erected into a duchy by Maximilian, in 1573. In 1631, a part of it was ceded to Savoy, by the duke of Mantua, to whose ancestors Charles V had granted it in 1536. In 1703, the remainder was annexed to the same duchy, by the emperor. Since that period, it has shared the fate of Savoy. (See Savoy.)