INDUS

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INDUS, or SINDH* ; a large river in the western part of Hincloostan, rising on the north of the Himalaya mountains; it flows first northwest, then west, penetrates the chain of mountains in the 36th parallel then takes a winding course to the south, and empties by several mouths into the sea of Arabia, between lat. 23° 20' and 24° 40r N. Its chief tributaries are from the east; they were known to the Greeks. One of them is the Behat or Jelam (Hydaspes), from Cashmere; it joins the Chenab (Acesines), which also receives the Havy (Hydraotes) ; below the confluence of the Chenab is that of the Kirah (Hyphasis), formed by the junction of the Setledje or Satadrou (Hesidrus) and the Beyah. The country traversed by the Indus and its tributaries is called the Penjab or Punjab. The water of the Indus is wholesome, and resembles that of the Ganges. Its course, including its windings, is estimated at 1700 miles, and is generally W. of S. The Delta of the Indus is about 150 miles in length along the coast, and 115 in depth. The river is navigable, for vessels of 200 tons, to the province of Lahore, a distance of 760 geographical miles. From Attack to the Delta, a distance of about 800 miles, its breadth is generally about a mile, and its depth from two to five fathoms. The tide sets in with great violence. Owing to the barbarous manners of the tribes which inhabit its banks, little commerce takes place on this river. The bed of the Indus is sand, with a small quantity of mud.