INDIAN OCEAN

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INDIAN OCEAN ; that great body of water, which has Asia on the north, the Sunda isles and New Holland on the east, Africa on the west, and the Antarctic ocean on the south. The cape of Good Hope, in 21° 27; E. Ion., and the southern extremity of Van Diemen's Land, 147° 20' E. Ion., may be considered its extreme limits from east to west. Its length, from north to south, is about 2400 leagues ; its breadth varies from 2200 to 1200 leagues. Its principal gulfs are the Red sea, the Arabian sea, and the bay of Bengal. Its islands are Ceylon, Madagascar, the Laccadives, Maldives, Socotra, Andaman, Nicobar, the Isles of France and of Bourbon, Kerguelen's Land, &c. Numerous rocks, and coral reefs, render the navigation dangerous. The Ganges, Burrampooter, Irawaddy, Indus, Euphrates, empty the.accumulated waters of Southern Asia into the Indian . ocean. The tradewinds prevail here between the tropic of Capricorn and the 10th degree of south latitude ; to the north of this region the monsoons are felt.