GORDON

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GORDON, George, called, by courtesy, lord George GORDON, was the son of Cosmo George, duke of Gordon, in Scotland, and was born m 1750. He entered when young into the navy, but left the service during the American war. He then became a member of the house of com mons. His parliamentary conduct was marked by a certain degree of eccentricity, but he displayed no deficiency of tal ent, often animadverting with great freedom on the ministers and their opponents. At length, in 1780, a bill having been introduced into the house for the relief of Roman Catholics from certain penalties and disabilities, he collected a mob, at the head of whom he marched to the house of commons, to present a petition against the proposed measure. The dreadful riot which ensued, and which was not suppressed till after the destruction of many Catholic chapels and dwellings, the prison of Newgate, and the house of the chiefjustice, lord Mansfield, led to the arrest of lord George Gordon, and his trial on the charge of high treason ; but, no evidence being adduced of treasonable design, he was acquitted. In May, 1786, he wTas excommunicated for refusing to come forward as a witness in a court of law. He then published a Letter from Lord G. Gordon to the AttorneyGeneral of England, in which the Motives of his Lordship's public Conduct, from the Beginning of 1780 to the present Time, are vindicated (1787, 8vo.). In the beginning of 1788, having been twice convicted of libelling the French ambassador, the queen of France, and the criminal justice of his country, he retired to Holland, but he was arrested, sent home, and committed to Newgate, where he passed the remainder of his life. He died, Nov. 1, 1793, disturbed in his last moments by the knowledge that he could not be buried among the Jews, of whose religion he had become a zealous professor during his imprisonment.