GARDEN

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GARDEN, Alexander, an eminent botanist and zoologist, born in Scotland in 1730, and educated at the university of Edinburgh. He went to America, and settled as a physician at Charleston in South Carolina, in 1752. Here he engaged in botanical researches, and, becoming dissatisfied with the system of Tournefort, then followed by most naturalists, he opened a correspondence with the celebrated Linnaeus, in 1755. Soon after, he obtained the Philosophia Botanica, the Systema Nature, and some other works of the Swedish botanist, which greatly assisted him in his inquiries. His labors were directed to the discovery and verification of new species among the animal and vegetable tribes of North America, in which he was very successful. To his exertions Linnseus was indebted, particularly, for a knowledge of the insects and fishes of Carolina; among which is the Siren lacertina, a most curious animal, resembling both a lizard and a fish. After a residence of nearly 20 years in America, doctor Garden returned to England, in consequence of the political commotions which preceded the American war. He was elected a fellow of the royal society in 1773, but was not admitted until 10 years after. From that period, he resided m London, where he died April 15,1791. Doctor Garden published An Account of the Gymrvotus Electricus, or Electrical Eel, in the Philosophical Transactions,and some other detached papers, but produced no separate work.