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CAMPAIGN generally denotes the season during which armies keep the field. It also means an extensive level country. Formerly, when war was not carried on with so much impetuosity as at present, campaigns lasted only during the warmer months; and, towards winter, the troops went into winterquarters, when the officers of the opposing armies often met very amicably at balls and other entertainments ; but, of late, armies have kept the field through the winter, till a decisive victory has been gained. Thus the allies, in the winter of 1813-14, followed the French over the Rhine ; some battles were fought in January and February, and the armies remained, for several months, without roof or tent, in the open air of a cold winter.