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CALENDS, with the Romans, the first days of the month ; so called because the poniifex maximus then proclaimed (calavit) whether the nones would be on the 5th or the 7th. This was the custom until the year 450 U. C, when the fasti calendar es, or calendar (q. v.), were affixed to the wall of public places. The Greeks did not make use of calends; whence the proverbial expression ad Grcecas calendas (on the Greek calends), meaning never. The calends of January were more solemn than the others, and were consecrated to Janus and Juno. On this day, the magistrates entered on their offices, and friends interchanged presents. On the calends, debtors were obliged to pay the interest of their debts; hence tristes calendar (Hor. Serm. 1 Sat. 3. v. 87). The book of accounts was called Calendarium. Calends, in ecclesiastical history, denotes conferences, anciently held by the clergy of each deanery on the first of each month, concerning their duty and conduct. (Du Cange, in voce.)