BURSA

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BURSA, a city of Natolia, in Asiatic Turkey, with a population of about 60,000 Turks, Greeks, Armenians and Jews, engaged in commerce, and the manufacture of satins, silk stuffs, carpets, gauze, &c. The bazars are rilled with merchandise, and the caravans, passing from Aleppo and Smyrna to Constantinople, promote its commerce. It contains 140 mosques, two of which are magnificent, and is adorned with an immense number of fountains. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the empire, situated in a fertile and finelywooded plain, which is 29* enclosed by the ridges of Olympus, and abounds in hot springs. The castle, which is about a mile in circumference, is supposed to be the Prusa of the ancients, built, according to Pliny (v. 22), by Hannibal. In the 14th century, it was taken by the Turks, and became the capital of the Ottoman empire previous to the capture of Constantinople. Its port is Montagna, or Mondania, on the sea of Marmora, 75 miles S. W. of Constantinople. Lon. 29° 12' E.; lat. 40° IP N.