AZORES

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AZORES (i. e., Hawk islands); a group of nine Portuguese islands in the Atlantic ocean, between Africa and america, extending from 36° to 39° N. lat., and containing 1160 sq. miles. The inhabitants are of Portuguese origin, and governed by Portuguese laws. The country ]s volcanic and mountainous, but wellwatered and uncommonly fruitful. The highest mountain, the peak of Pico, is 7016 feet high. The climate is warm and healthy, producing corn, wine, and various fruits. The inhabitants are engaged in grazing and fisheries, have some manufactures and a lively trade. There is no good harbor. The Portuguese discovered these islands, A. D. 1446, though the Dutch navigators had seen them earlier, and called them the Flemish islands. Their names are St. Michael, population 80,000; Tercera, 28,900; Pico, 20,900; St. George, 11,200; Fayal, 16,300; Santa Maria, 5000; Graciosa, 7400; Flores, 7100; and Corvo, 800. Angra, the chief city, on Tercera, contains 15,000 inhabitants. The total population of the Azores is estimated by some at more than 200,000.