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AFGHANS, or AFGHAUNS, signifying mountaineers, is the name of a powerful nation, called also Patans, in the eastern part of Persia, in the kingdom of Cabulistan. They originally lived in the mountains between Persia, Hindostan and Bactria, and are of Median descent. The A.'s are even now wandering tribes; both those of the west, who are robbers, and live in tents, and those of the east, who have more regular settlements. During the revolution in Persia, which took place in 1747, after the death of Nadir Shah, Amed Abdallah, chief of the A.'s in the Persian army, took possession of the provinces of Candahar and Chorasan, made himself independent of Persia, and founded the kingdom of Afghanistan.